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Department of

Surgery

Photo of  W. Robert Defoor, MD

W. Robert Defoor, MD

Associate Professor of Surgery; Director of Clinical Research at CCHMC

Education/Credentials
  • Bachelor's Degree: Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Fulbright Fellow: Universite' Rene' Descartes
  • Medical Degree: University of Kentucky
  • Internship in General Surgery: Medical University of South Carolina
  • Residency in Urology: Medical University of South Carolina
  • Clinical and Research Fellowship in Pediatric Urology: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • Master's Degree in Public Health: Harvard University
Contact Information
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • Division of Pediatric Urology
  • 3333 Burnet Avenue
  • Cincinnati, Ohio 45229
  • Office 513-636-6758
  • Email bob.defoor@cchmc.org

Peer Reviewed Publications

Smith, Matt C; Strine, Andrew C; DeFoor, W Robert; Minevich, Eugene; Noh, Paul; Sheldon, Curtis A; Reddy, Pramod P; VanderBrink, Brian A 2019. Need for botulinum toxin injection and bladder augmentation after isolated bladder outlet procedure in pediatric patients with myelomeningocele. Journal of pediatric urology, ,

Bansal, Danesh; Riachy, Edward; Defoor, W Robert; Reddy, Pramod P; Minevich, Eugene A; Alam, Shumyle; Noh, Paul H 2014. Pediatric varicocelectomy: a comparative study of conventional laparoscopic and laparoendoscopic single-site approaches. Journal of endourology, 28 5, 513-6

Bansal, Danesh; Defoor, W Robert; Noh, Paul H 2013. Pediatric robotic assisted laparoscopic nephropexy: case study. SpringerPlus, 2 , 321

Bansal, Danesh; Defoor, W Robert; Reddy, Pramod P; Minevich, Eugene A; Noh, Paul H 2013. Complications of robotic surgery in pediatric urology: a single institution experience. Urology, 82 4, 917-20

Cost, Nicholas G; Noh, Paul H; Devarajan, Prasad; Ivancic, Vesna; Reddy, Pramod P; Minevich, Eugene; Bennett, Michael; Haffner, Christopher; Schulte, Marion; DeFoor, W Robert 2013. Urinary NGAL levels correlate with differential renal function in patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction undergoing pyeloplasty. The Journal of urology, 190 4 Suppl, 1462-7

Bergsland, Kristin J; Coe, Fredric L; White, Mark D; Erhard, Michael J; DeFoor, William R; Mahan, John D; Schwaderer, Andrew L; Asplin, John R 2012. Urine risk factors in children with calcium kidney stones and their siblings. Kidney international, 81 11, 1140-8

Reddy, Pramod P; Defoor, William R 2010. Ureteroscopy: The standard of care in the management of upper tract urolithiasis in children. Indian journal of urology : IJU : journal of the Urological Society of India, 26 4, 555-63

DeFoor, W Robert; Tobias, Nan 2009. Simple behavioral modification may be effective first-line treatment in resolution of nocturnal enuresis. The Journal of pediatrics, 155 5, 760

Bissada, N K; Yakout, H H; Defoor, W R 2001. Hand-assisted laparoscopic renal and adrenal surgery. Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association (1975), 97 9, 373-5

DeFoor W.; Mayes T.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Riazzi A.; Schulte M.; Sheldon C.; Strine A.; VanderBrink B. 12-01-2018. Preoperative nutritional status and use of total parenteral nutrition in pediatric and adolescent pa Journal of Pediatric Urology, 14 6, 572.e1-572.e7

Asplin J.; Barraza M.; Bierlein M.; Defoor W.; Ellison J.; Figueroa T.; Hollingsworth J.; Jackson E.; Jayanthi V.; Johnson E.; Joseph D.; Langman C.; Schwaderer A.; Shnorhavorian M.; Yan P. 12-01-2017. Analyte variations in consecutive 24-hour urine collections in children Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13 6, 632.e1-632.e7

Defoor W.; Reddy P. 12-01-2014. Minimally invasive techniques to approach complications of enterocystoplasty and continent catheteri Pediatric Endourology Techniques, 9781447153948 , 287-299

Defoor W.; Noh P.; Reddy P. 12-01-2011. Percutaneous antegrade ureteral stent placement during pediatric robot-assisted laparoscopic pyelopl Journal of Endourology, 25 12, 1847-1851

Battino B.; Coe F.; DeFoor W.; Erhard M.; Minevich E.; Sheldon C.; Tackett L.; Wacksman J. 12-01-2002. Metabolic evaluation of children with urolithiasis: Are adult references for supersaturation appropr Journal of Urology, 168 6, 2568-2571

DeFoor W.; Koyle M.; Lorenzo A.; Minevich E. 11-25-2016. Pediatric renal tumors Clinical Pediatric Nephrology: Third Edition, , 993-1004

Bouvay K.; Defoor W.; Scheid B.; Timm N. 11-01-2011. Evaluation and management of sexually transmitted infections in adolescent males presenting to a ped Pediatric Emergency Care, 27 11, 1042-1044

DeFoor W.; Tobias N. 11-01-2009. Simple behavioral modification may be effective first-line treatment in resolution of nocturnal enur Journal of Pediatrics, 155 5, 760

DeFoor W.; Heshmat S.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Reeves D.; Sheldon C. 11-01-2008. Use of Customized MIC-KEY Gastrostomy Button for Management of MACE Stomal Complications Urology, 72 5, 1026-1029

Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Sheldon C. 11-01-2002. Unusual bladder masses in children Urology, 60 5, 911

DeFoor W.; May T.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Riazzi A.; Schulte M.; Sheldon C.; Strine A.; VanderBrink B. 10-01-2019. Impact of body mass index on 30-day postoperative morbidity in pediatric and adolescent patients und Journal of Pediatric Urology, 15 5, 521.e1-521.e7

Carpenter M.; Cheng E.; DeFoor W.; Greenfield S.; Kropp B.; Rushton H.; Skoog S. 10-01-2016. Vesicoureteral Reflux and Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Why Cohorts and Methodologies Matter Journal of Urology, 196 4, 1238-1243

Cost N.; Defoor W.; Geller J.; Noh P.; Wagner L. 10-01-2012. A robotic-assisted laparoscopic approach for pediatric renal cell carcinoma allows for both nephron- Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 47 10, 1946-1950

Cone L.; Defoor W.; Gaitonde K.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Reddy T.; Roig-Francoli J.; Sivan B. 10-01-2011. The impact of the Alexander technique on improving posture and surgical ergonomics during minimally Journal of Urology, 186 4 SUPPL., 1658-1662

Alam S.; DeFoor W.; Ivan?i? V.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 10-01-2010. Progression of renal insufficiency in children and adolescents with neuropathic bladder is not accel Journal of Urology, 184 4 SUPPL., 1768-1774

Defoor W.; Reddy P. 10-01-2010. Ureteroscopy: The standard of care in the management of upper tract urolithiasis in children Indian Journal of Urology, 26 4, 555-563

Clark C.; DeFoor W.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 10-01-2008. Risk Factors for End Stage Renal Disease in Children With Posterior Urethral Valves Journal of Urology, 180 4 SUPPL., 1705-1708

Asplin J.; DeFoor W.; Erhard M.; Jackson C.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 10-01-2006. Urinary Metabolic Evaluations in Normal and Stone Forming Children Journal of Urology, 176 4 SUPPL., 1793-1796

DeFoor W.; Kitchens D.; Koyle M.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Wacksman J. 10-01-2006. Endoscopic Injection of Dextranomer/Hyaluronic Acid Copolymer to Correct Vesicoureteral Reflux Follo Journal of Urology, 176 4 SUPPL., 1861-1863

DeFoor W.; Greenfield S.; McEnery P.; Minevich E.; Reeves D.; Sheldon C.; Tackett L. 10-01-2003. Lower urinary tract reconstruction is safe and effective in children with end stage renal disease Journal of Urology, 170 4 II, 1497-1500

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Reeves D.; Rink R.; Sheldon C.; Tackett L.; Wacksman J. 10-01-2003. Gastrocystoplasty: Long-term followup Journal of Urology, 170 4 II, 1647-1650

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Sheldon C.; Tackett L.; Wacksman J. 10-01-2003. Risk factors for spontaneous bladder perforation after augmentation cystoplasty Urology, 62 4, 737-741

DeFoor W.; Wacksman J. 10-01-2003. Results of single staged hypospadias surgery to repair penoscrotal hypospadias with bifid scrotum or Journal of Urology, 170 4 II, 1585-1588

Alam Z.; Cain M.P.; DeFoor W.R.; Kaefer M.; Minevich E.; Misseri R.; Reddy P.; Rink R.C.; Szymanski K.M.; VanderBrink B.A. 09-01-2019. Risk of Reaugmentation after Enterocystoplasty Using a Reconfigured Bowel Segment in Patients with S The Journal of urology, 202 3, 612-616

DeFoor W. 09-01-2016. Challenges in Predicting Renal Outcomes in Boys with Posterior Urethral Valves Journal of Urology, 196 3, 639-640

Alam Z.; Asplin J.; DeFoor W.; Jackson E.; Schulte M. 08-01-2017. Calcium-to-Citrate Ratio Distinguishes Solitary and Recurrent Urinary Stone Forming Children Journal of Urology, 198 2, 416-421

Alam Z.; DeFoor W.; Frischer J.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Schulte M.; Sheldon C.; Strine A.; VanderBrink B. 08-01-2017. Clinical and urodynamic outcomes in children with anorectal malformation subtype of recto-bladder ne Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13 4, 376.e1-376.e6

DeFoor W.; Denlinger J.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Reed M.; Sheldon C.; VanderBrink B.; Zhang B. 08-01-2017. Results of a prospective randomized control trial comparing hydrophilic to uncoated catheters in chi Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13 4, 373.e1-373.e5

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Reddy T.; Sheldon C.; Strine A.; VanderBrink B. 08-01-2017. Triamcinolone injection for treatment of Mitrofanoff stomal stenosis: Optimizing results and reducin Journal of Pediatric Urology, 13 4, 375.e1-375.e5

Alonso M.; Bischoff A.; DeFoor W.; Goebel J.; Hall J.; Peña A.; Reddy P.; VanderBrink B. 08-01-2015. End stage renal disease and kidney transplant in patients with anorectal malformation: is there an a Pediatric Surgery International, 31 8, 725-728

Alam S.; Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Reeves D.; Sheldon C.; Traxel E. 08-01-2011. Low incidence of urinary tract infections following renal transplantation in children with bladder a Journal of Urology, 186 2, 667-671

DeFoor W.; Dillman J.; Giordano R.; O’Hara S.; Reddy P.; Roberson N.; Trout A. 07-01-2018. Comparison of ultrasound versus computed tomography for the detection of kidney stones in the pediat Pediatric Radiology, 48 7, 962-972

DeFoor W.; Elder J.; Hurwitz R.; McAdam A.; Minevich E.; Minnillo B.; Mortensen J.; Nguyen H.; Novak-Weekley S. 07-01-2010. Trimethoprim In Vitro Antibacterial Activity is Not Increased by Adding Sulfamethoxazole for Pediatr Journal of Urology, 184 1, 305-310

Asplin J.; Bergsland K.; Coe F.; Defoor W.; Erhard M.; Mahan J.; Schwaderer A.; White M. 06-01-2012. Urine risk factors in children with calcium kidney stones and their siblings Kidney International, 81 11, 1140-1148

DeFoor W. 06-01-2010. Editorial Comment Journal of Urology, 183 6, 2346

DeFoor W.; Heshmat S.; Koyle M.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 06-01-2009. Long-Term Outcomes of the Neobladder in Pediatric Continent Urinary Reconstruction Journal of Urology, 181 6, 2689-2694

Asplin J.; Clark C.; DeFoor W.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 06-01-2008. Urinary Metabolic Evaluations in Solitary and Recurrent Stone Forming Children Journal of Urology, 179 6, 2369-2372

DeFoor W.; Dillman J.; Reddy P.; Roberson N.; Trout A. 05-15-2019. Ultrasound versus computed tomography for the detection of ureteral calculi in the pediatric populat Abdominal Radiology, 44 5, 1858-1866

Creelman L.; Defoor W.; Ferguson D.; Mashni S.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Reeves D.; Sheldon C. 05-01-2006. Safety of Gentamicin Bladder Irrigations in Complex Urological Cases Journal of Urology, 175 5, 1861-1864

DeFoor W.; Grocela J.; Iyer S.; Kamholz K.; Kenna M.; Varughese A. 05-01-2006. The use of perioperative antibiotics in tonsillectomy: Does it decrease morbidity? International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 70 5, 853-861

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Rijhwani A. 04-24-2015. Urinary tract trauma Pediatric Urology: Surgical Complications and Management: Second Edition, , 364-373

DeFoor W.; Jackson E.; Khan M.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; VanderBrink B. 04-01-2016. Botulinum toxin injection in the pediatric population with medically refractory neuropathic bladder Journal of Pediatric Urology, 12 2, 104.e1-104.e6

DeFoor W.; Kitchens D.; McGregor A.; Minevich E.; Polsky E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 04-01-2007. End Cutaneous Ureterostomy for the Management of Severe Hydronephrosis Journal of Urology, 177 4, 1501-1504

DeFoor W.; Kord E.; Minevich E.; Neheman A.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Strine A.; VanderBrink B. 03-01-2019. Pediatric Partial Nephrectomy for Upper Urinary Tract Duplication Anomalies: A Comparison Between Di Urology, 125 , 196-201

DeFoor W.; Hong Y.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Schulte M.; VanderBrink B. 03-01-2018. Hidden incision endoscopic surgery (HIdES) trocar placement for pediatric robotic pyeloplasty: compa Journal of Robotic Surgery, 12 1, 43-47

Corbyons K.; Defoor W.; Lee Z.; Liss Z.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Schulte M.; Vanderbrink B. 03-01-2017. A Non-Narcotic Pathway for the Management of Postoperative Pain Following Pediatric Robotic Pyelopla Journal of Endourology, 31 3, 255-258

Defoor W. 03-01-2013. Editorial comment Journal of Urology, 189 3, 1076

DeFoor W. 03-01-2008. Editorial comment International Braz J Urol, 34 2, 213

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Sheldon C.; Tackett L.; Wacksman J.; Yasar U. 03-01-2003. Ectopic ureterocele: Clinical application of classification based on renal unit jeopardy Journal of Urology, 169 3, 1092-1094

Brandt M.; Courcoulas A.; DeFoor W.R.; Inge T.H.; Jackson E.; Jenkins T.M.; Kollar L.; Michalsky M.; Xie C. 02-01-2018. Prospective evaluation of urinary incontinence in severely obese adolescents presenting for weight l Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 14 2, 214-218

Asplin J.; Defoor W.; Inge T.; Jackson E.; Jenkins T.; Kollar L.; Schulte M. 02-01-2016. Prospective evaluation of urinary metabolic indices in severely obese adolescents after weight loss Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 12 2, 363-367

Bansal D.; Bean C.; Cost N.; Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Riachy E. 02-01-2014. Comparison of pediatric robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and laparoendoscopic single Urology, 83 2, 438-442

Cost C.; Cost N.; DeFoor W.; Geller J. 02-01-2014. Adolescent urologic oncology: Current issues and future directions Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations, 32 2, 59-69

Defoor W. 02-01-2014. New contralateral vesicoureteral reflux - Is it double trouble? Journal of Urology, 191 2, 291-292

Alam Z.; Alonso M.; Brewer N.; DeFoor W.; Hooper D.; Nathan J.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Tiao G.; VanderBrink B. 01-01-2019. Is anuria prior to pediatric renal transplantation associated with poor allograft outcomes? Pediatric Transplantation, 23 5,

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Smith M.; Strine A.; VanderBrink B. 01-01-2019. Need for botulinum toxin injection and bladder augmentation after isolated bladder outlet procedure Journal of Pediatric Urology, ,

Alam S.; Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Riachy E.; Sheldon C. 01-01-2015. Endoscopic treatment with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid for persistent incontinence after continent ur Journal of Endourology, 29 2, 137-140

Bischoff A.; Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Peña A.; Reddy P.; Schulte M.; Sheldon C.; Vanderbrink B. 01-01-2015. Chronic kidney disease stage progression in patients undergoing repair of persistent cloaca Journal of Urology, 194 1, 190-194

DeFoor W.; Franklin A.; VanderBrink B. 01-01-2015. A fast-growing, painless, solid scrotal mass Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, 28 11, 35-38

Alam S.; Bansal D.; Cost N.; DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Vanderbrink B. 01-01-2014. Infant robotic pyeloplasty: Comparison with an open cohort Journal of Pediatric Urology, 10 2, 380-385

Alam S.; Defoor W.; Levitt M.; Vanderbrink B. 01-01-2014. Creation of an appendicovesicostomy mitrofanoff from a preexisting appendicocecostomy utilizing the Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 49 4, 656-659

Apoznanski W.; Cost N.; Defoor W.; Guillén G.; Kajbafzadeh A.; Parigi G.; Sawicz-Birkowska K.; Tourchi A. 01-01-2014. A comparison of renal function outcomes after nephron-sparing surgery and radical nephrectomy for no Urology, 83 6, 1388-1393

Cost N.; Crotty E.; Defoor W.; Geller J. 01-01-2014. The initial experience with RENAL nephrometry in children, adolescents, and young adults with renal Pediatric Blood and Cancer, 61 8, 1434-1439

Defoor W.; Hazelwood L. 01-01-2014. Unilateral ureteral reimplantation and management of contralateral low grade or resolved vesicourete Journal of Urology, 192 5, 1508-1512

Bansal D.; Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P. 01-01-2013. Complications of robotic surgery in pediatric urology: A single institution experience Urology, 82 4, 917-921

Bansal D.; Defoor W.R.; Noh P.H. 01-01-2013. Pediatric robotic assisted laparoscopic nephropexy: Case study SpringerPlus, 2 1, 1-3

Bennett M.; Cost N.; Defoor W.; Devarajan P.; Haffner C.; Ivancic V.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Schulte M. 01-01-2013. Urinary NGAL levels correlate with differential renal function in patients with ureteropelvic juncti Journal of Urology, 190 4 SUPPL, 1462-1467

Cost N.; Defoor W.; Minevich E.; Noh P.; Reddy P.; Riachy E. 01-01-2013. Pediatric standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: A comparative single institution stu Journal of Urology, 189 1, 283-287

Asplin J.; Caillat A.; DeFoor W.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 01-01-2010. The risk of recurrent urolithiasis in children is dependent on urinary calcium and citrate Urology, 76 1, 242-245

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Traxel E. 01-01-2009. Risk factors for urinary tract infection after dextranomer/hyaluronic acid endoscopic injection Journal of Urology, 182 4 SUPPL., 1708-1713

DeFoor W.; Kitchens D.; Koyle M.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Wacksman J. 01-01-2007. Incontinence Following Bladder Neck Reconstruction-Is There a Role for Endoscopic Management? Journal of Urology, 177 1, 302-306

Asplin J.; DeFoor W.; Jackson C.; Jackson E.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 01-01-2005. Results of a prospective trial to compare normal urine supersaturation in children and adults Journal of Urology, 174 4 II, 1708-1710

Barqawi A.; DeFoor W.; Kitchens D.; Koyle M.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C. 01-01-2005. Perforation of Malone antegrade continence enema: Diagnosis and management Journal of Urology, 174 4 II, 1644-1646

Colombo J.; DeFoor W.; Dharamsi N.; Minevich E.; Reddy P.; Riden D.; Sekhon D.; Sheldon C.; Smith P. 01-01-2005. Use of mobile extracorporeal shock wave lithotripter: Experience in a pediatric institution Urology, 65 4, 778-781

DeFoor W.; Erhard M.; Minevich E.; Nishinaka K.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Wacksman J. 01-01-2005. Ureteroscopy is safe and effective in prepubertal children Journal of Urology, 174 1, 276-279

Austin P.; DeFoor W.; Kuan C.; Lewis A.; Pinkerton M.; Sheldon C. 01-01-2004. Modulation of germ cell apoptosis with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor in a murine model of congen Journal of Urology, 172 4 II, 1731-1735

Brock J.; DeFoor W.; McGregor A.; Minevich E.; Perovic S.; Polsky E.; Reddy P.; Sheldon C.; Wacksman J. 01-01-2004. Results of tapered ureteral reimplantation for primary megaureter: Extravesical versus intravesical Journal of Urology, 172 4 II, 1640-1643

DeFoor W.; Minevich E.; Polsky E.; Reddy P.; Sekhon D.; Sheldon C.; Wacksman J. 01-01-2004. Bladder calculi after augmentation cystoplasty: Risk factors and prevention strategies Journal of Urology, 172 5 I, 1964-1966

Defoor W.; Kitchens D.; McEnery P.; Minevich E.; Reeves D.; Sheldon C.; Tackett L. 01-01-2003. Successful renal transplantation in children with posterior urethral valves Journal of Urology, 170 6 I, 2402-2404

Bennett S.; Defoor W.; Minevich E. 01-01-2002. Primary extrarenal nephrogenic rest Journal of Urology, 168 4 I, 1529