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Department of

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Photo of  ALice Tang, MD

ALice Tang, MD

Clinical Interest

Otolaryngology

Education/Credentials
  • Medical Degree: University of Vermont
  • Bachelor of Arts: University of Pennsylvania
  • T32 Grant Research Fellow: University of Michigan
  • Residency: University of Cincinnati
  • Fellowship : Vanderbilt University
Board Certifications & Licenses
  • American Board of Otolaryngology 06/01/2017
Contact Information
  • Medical Science Building
  • 321 Albert Sabin Way
  • Cincinnati, Ohio 45267
  • Office 513-558-1719
  • Fax 513-558-3757

Peer Reviewed Publications

Crawford, Emily D; Acosta, Irene; Ahyong, Vida; Anderson, Erika C; Arevalo, Shaun; Asarnow, Daniel; Axelrod, Shannon; Ayscue, Patrick; Azimi, Camillia S; Azumaya, Caleigh M; Bachl, Stefanie; Bachmutsky, Iris; Bhaduri, Aparna; Brown, Jeremy Bancroft; Batson, Joshua; Behnert, Astrid; Boileau, Ryan M; Bollam, Saumya R; Bonny, Alain R; Booth, David; Borja, Michael Jerico B; Brown, David; Buie, Bryan; Burnett, Cassandra E; Byrnes, Lauren E; Cabral, Katelyn A; Cabrera, Joana P; Caldera, Saharai; Canales, Gabriela; Castañeda, Gloria R; Chan, Agnes Protacio; Chang, Christopher R; Charles-Orszag, Arthur; Cheung, Carly; Chio, Unseng; Chow, Eric D; Citron, Y Rose; Cohen, Allison; Cohn, Lillian B; Chiu, Charles; Cole, Mitchel A; Conrad, Daniel N; Constantino, Angela; Cote, Andrew; Crayton-Hall, Tre'Jon; Darmanis, Spyros; Detweiler, Angela M; Dial, Rebekah L; Dong, Shen; Duarte, Elias M; Dynerman, David; Egger, Rebecca; Fanton, Alison; Frumm, Stacey M; Fu, Becky Xu Hua; Garcia, Valentina E; Garcia, Julie; Gladkova, Christina; Goldman, Miriam; Gomez-Sjoberg, Rafael; Gordon, M Grace; Grove, James C R; Gupta, Shweta; Haddjeri-Hopkins, Alexis; Hadley, Pierce; Haliburton, John; Hao, Samantha L; Hartoularos, George; Herrera, Nadia; Hilberg, Melissa; Ho, Kit Ying E; Hoppe, Nicholas; Hosseinzadeh, Shayan; Howard, Conor J; Hussmann, Jeffrey A; Hwang, Elizabeth; Ingebrigtsen, Danielle; Jackson, Julia R; Jowhar, Ziad M; Kain, Danielle; Kim, James Y S; Kistler, Amy; Kreutzfeld, Oriana; Kulsuptrakul, Jessie; Kung, Andrew F; Langelier, Charles; Laurie, Matthew T; Lee, Lena; Leng, Kun; Leon, Kristoffer E; Leonetti, Manuel D; Levan, Sophia R; Li, Sam; Li, Aileen W; Liu, Jamin; Lubin, Heidi S; Lyden, Amy; Mann, Jennifer; Mann, Sabrina; Margulis, Gorica; Marquez, Diana M; Marsh, Bryan P; Martyn, Calla; McCarthy, Elizabeth E; McGeever, Aaron; Merriman, Alexander F; Meyer, Lauren K; Miller, Steve; Moore, Megan K; Mowery, Cody T; Mukhtar, Tanzila; Mwakibete, Lusajo L; Narez, Noelle; Neff, Norma F; Osso, Lindsay A; Oviedo, Diter; Peng, Suping; Phelps, Maira; Phong, Kiet; Picard, Peter; Pieper, Lindsey M; Pincha, Neha; Pisco, Angela Oliveira; Pogson, Angela; Pourmal, Sergei; Puccinelli, Robert R; Puschnik, Andreas S; Rackaityte, Elze; Raghavan, Preethi; Raghavan, Madhura; Reese, James; Replogle, Joseph M; Retallack, Hanna; Reyes, Helen; Rose, Donald; Rosenberg, Marci F; Sanchez-Guerrero, Estella; Sattler, Sydney M; Savy, Laura; See, Stephanie K; Sellers, Kristin K; Serpa, Paula Hayakawa; Sheehy, Maureen; Sheu, Jonathan; Silas, Sukrit; Streithorst, Jessica A; Strickland, Jack; Stryke, Doug; Sunshine, Sara; Suslow, Peter; Sutanto, Renaldo; Tamura, Serena; Tan, Michelle; Tan, Jiongyi; Tang, Alice; Tato, Cristina M; Taylor, Jack C; Tenvooren, Iliana; Thompson, Erin M; Thornborrow, Edward C; Tse, Eric; Tung, Tony; Turner, Marc L; Turner, Victoria S; Turnham, Rigney E; Turocy, Mary J; Vaidyanathan, Trisha V; Vainchtein, Ilia D; Vanaerschot, Manu; Vazquez, Sara E; Wandler, Anica M; Wapniarski, Anne; Webber, James T; Weinberg, Zara Y; Westbrook, Alexandra; Wong, Allison W; Wong, Emily; Worthington, Gajus; Xie, Fang; Xu, Albert; Yamamoto, Terrina; Yang, Ying; Yarza, Fauna; Zaltsman, Yefim; Zheng, Tina; DeRisi, Joseph L 2020. Rapid deployment of SARS-CoV-2 testing: The CLIAHUB. PLoS pathogens, 16 10, e1008966

Epperson, Madison V; Tang, Alice L; Owens, Patrick; Tabangin, Meredith E; Altaye, Mekibib; Khosla, Sid; Howell, Rebecca 2020. Montgomery's Aperture: An External Anatomic Landmark for Surgical Identification of the Anterior Commissure. Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation, ,

Harvey, Tatiani Vitor; Tang, Alice M; da Paixao Sevá, Anaiá; Albano Dos Santos, Camila; Santos Carvalho, Silvia Maria; Magalhães da Rocha, Christiane Maria Barcellos; Oliveira, Bruno César Miranda; Albuquerque, George Rego 2020. Enteric parasitic infections in children and dogs in resource-poor communities in northeastern Brazil: Identifying priority prevention and control areas. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 14 6, e0008378

Hu, Zicheng; Tang, Alice; Singh, Jaiveer; Bhattacharya, Sanchita; Butte, Atul J 2020. A robust and interpretable end-to-end deep learning model for cytometry data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117 35, 21373-21380

Jordan, Michael R; Hamunime, Ndapewa; Bikinesi, Leonard; Sawadogo, Souleymane; Agolory, Simon; Shiningavamwe, Andreas N; Negussie, Taffa; Fisher-Walker, Christa L; Raizes, Elliot G; Mutenda, Nicholus; Hunter, Christian J; Dean, Natalie; Steegen, Kim; Kana, Vibha; Carmona, Sergio; Yang, Chunfu; Tang, Alice M; Parkin, Neil; Hong, Steven Y 2020. High levels of HIV drug resistance among adults failing second-line antiretroviral therapy in Namibia. Medicine, 99 37, e21661

Lewis, Luke M; Tang, Alice L; Wise-Draper, Trisha M; Myers, Kasiani C; Greenberger, Joel S; Takiar, Vinita 2020. Successful use of a therapeutic trial of graduated volume and dose escalation for postoperative head and neck radiotherapy in a Fanconi anemia patient. Head & neck, ,

Maalouf-Manasseh, Zeina; Remancus, Sandra; Milner, Erin; Fenlason, Lindy; Quick, Timothy; Patsche, Cecilie B; Bose, Kaushik; Collins, Steve; Ververs, Mija; Walia, Sonia; Escobar-Alegria, Jessica; Chung, Mei; Tang, Alice M 2020. Global mid-upper arm circumference cut-offs for adults: a call to action. Public health nutrition, , 1-2

Moussa, Osama; Ardissino, Maddalena; Heaton, Tobias; Tang, Alice; Khan, Omar; Ziprin, Paul; Darzi, Ara; Collins, Peter; Purkayastha, Sanjay 2020. Effect of bariatric surgery on long-term cardiovascular outcomes: a nationwide nested cohort study. European heart journal, 41 28, 2660-2667

Tang, Alice M; Chung, Mei; Dong, Kimberly R; Bahwere, Paluku; Bose, Kaushik; Chakraborty, Raja; Charlton, Karen; Das, Priyanka; Ghosh, Mihir; Hossain, Md Iqbal; Nguyen, Phuong; Patsche, Cecilie B; Sultana, Tania; Deitchler, Megan; Maalouf-Manasseh, Zeina 2020. Determining a global mid-upper arm circumference cut-off to assess underweight in adults (men and non-pregnant women). Public health nutrition, , 1-10

Tang, Alice; Lakhter, Vladimir; Zack, Chad J; Comerota, Anthony J; Shah, Neal; Zhao, Huaqing; Bashir, Riyaz 2020. Contemporary nationwide trends and in-hospital outcomes of adjunctive stenting in patients undergoing catheter-directed thrombolysis for proximal deep venous thrombosis. Journal of vascular surgery. Venous and lymphatic disorders, ,

Zafereo, Mark; McIver, Bryan; Vargas, Sergio; Domínguez Ruiz-Tagle, Jose Miguel; Steward, David; Holsinger, F Christopher; Kandil, Emad; Williams, Michelle D; Cruz, Francisco; Loyola, Soledad; Solar, Antonieta; Roa, Juan Carlos; Leon, Augusto; Droppelmann, Nicolás; Arias, Tatiana; Lobos, Maite; Kong, Christina S; Busaidy, Naifa; Grubbs, Elizabeth G; Graham, Paul H; Stewart, John; Tang, Alice; Wang, Jiang; Orloff, Lisa A; Hernríquez-Henríquez, Marcela; Lagos, Marcela; Wohllk, Nelson; Diaz, Rene Eduardo; Véliz, Jesús; Horvath, Eleonora; Tala, Hernan; Pineda, Pedro; Arroyo, Patricia; Vasquez, Felix; Osorio, Miren; Schacter, Dina; Franco, Carmen; Medina, Francisco; Traipe, Eufrosina; Marin, Luis; Miranda, Giovanna; Bruce, Elsa; Bracamonte Nole, Milagros; Mena, Natalia; Gonzalez, Hernan 2020. A THYROID GENETIC CLASSIFIER CORRECTLY PREDICTS BENIGN NODULES WITH INDETERMINATE CYTOLOGY: TWO-INDEPENDENT MULTICENTER, PROSPECTIVE VALIDATION TRIALS. Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association, ,

Amin, Shaunak N; Shinn, Justin R; Tang, Alice; Lewis, James S; Mannion, Kyle 2019. Hypopharyngeal Skin Cancer Following Total Laryngectomy and Pectoralis Flap Reconstruction: Case Report and Literature Review. Head and neck pathology, 13 4, 643-647

Ardissino, Maddalena; Moussa, Osama; Tang, Alice; Muttoni, Elisabetta; Ziprin, Paul; Purkayastha, Sanjay 2019. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension in the British population with obesity. Acta neurochirurgica, 161 2, 239-246

Ardissino, Maddalena; Tang, Alice; Muttoni, Elisabetta; Tsang, Kevin 2019. Decompressive craniectomy in paediatric traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of current evidence. Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 35 2, 209-216

Choi, David Leo; Brannock, Kristina; Tang, Alice L 2019. Castleman Disease Presenting as a Parapharyngeal Mass: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Clinical medicine insights. Case reports, 12 , 1179547619853799

Epperson, Madison; Gouveia, Christopher J; Tabangin, Meredith E; Takiar, Vinita; Howell, Rebecca; Altaye, Mekibib; Ishman, Stacey L; Tang, Alice L 2019. Female Representation in Otolaryngology Leadership Roles. The Laryngoscope, ,

Haque, Sulsal; Karivedu, Vidhya; Riaz, Muhammed K; Choi, David; Roof, Logan; Hassan, Sarah Z; Zhu, Zheng; Jandarov, Roman; Takiar, Vinita; Tang, Alice; Wise-Draper, Trisha 2019. High-risk pathological features at the time of salvage surgery predict poor survival after definitive therapy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Oral oncology, 88 , 9-15

Jackson, Jennifer A; Branscum, Adam; Tang, Alice; Smit, Ellen 2019. Food insecurity and physical functioning limitations among older U.S. adults. Preventive medicine reports, 14 , 100829

Kerrigan, Andrew; Kaonga, Nadi N; Tang, Alice M; Jordan, Michael R; Hong, Steven Y 2019. Content guidance for mobile phones short message service (SMS)-based antiretroviral therapy adherence and appointment reminders: a review of the literature. AIDS care, 31 5, 636-646

Moussa, Osama; Ardissino, Maddalena; Tang, Alice; Lazzari, Laura; Millar, Ophelia; Ziprin, Paul; Darzi, Ara; Khan, Omar; Collins, Peter; Purkayastha, Sanjay 2019. Long-term Impact of Bariatric Surgery on Venous Thromboembolic Risk: A Matched Cohort Study. Annals of surgery, ,

Redmann, Andrew J; Yuen, Sonia N; VonAllmen, Douglas; Rothstein, Adam; Tang, Alice; Breen, Joseph; Collar, Ryan 2019. Does Surgical Volume and Complexity Affect Cost and Mortality in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery? Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 161 4, 629-634

Russell, Colin; Tahlil, Kadija; Davis, Margaret; Winston, Anna; Amaambo, Taimi; Hamunime, Ndapewa; Pietersen, Ismelda; Jordan, Michael R; Tang, Alice M; Hong, Steven Y 2019. Barriers to condom use among key populations in Namibia. International journal of STD & AIDS, 30 14, 1417-1424

Tang, Alice L; Miller, Adam; Hauff, Samantha; Myer, Charles M; Takiar, Vinita; Howell, Rebecca J; Mark, Jonathan R 2019. Maternity and paternity leave in otolaryngology residency training in the United States. The Laryngoscope, 129 5, 1093-1099

Tang, Alice R; Taylor, Graham P; Dhasmana, Divya 2019. Self-Flagellation as Possible Route of Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type-1 Transmission. Emerging infectious diseases, 25 4, 811-813

Tang, Alice; Coster, Adelle C F; Tonks, Katherine T; Heilbronn, Leonie K; Pocock, Nicholas; Purtell, Louise; Govendir, Matthew; Blythe, Jackson; Zhang, Jialiang; Xu, Aimin; Chisholm, Donald J; Johnson, Nathan A; Greenfield, Jerry R; Samocha-Bonet, Dorit 2019. Longitudinal Changes in Insulin Resistance in Normal Weight, Overweight and Obese Individuals. Journal of clinical medicine, 8 5,

Wong, Yee Ka; Huang, X H Hilda; Cheng, Yuk Ying; Louie, Peter K K; Yu, Alfred L C; Tang, Alice W Y; Chan, Damgy H L; Yu, Jian Zhen 2019. Estimating contributions of vehicular emissions to PM2.5 in a roadside environment: A multiple approach study. The Science of the total environment, 672 , 776-788

Wurcel, Alysse G; Boll, Griffin; Burke, Deirdre; Khetarpal, Rani; Warner, Patrick J; Tang, Alice M; Warner, Kenneth G 2019. Impact of Substance Use Disorder on Midterm Mortality After Valve Surgery for Endocarditis. The Annals of thoracic surgery, ,

Dong, Kimberly R; Must, Aviva; Tang, Alice M; Beckwith, Curt G; Stopka, Thomas J 2018. Competing priorities that rival health in adults on probation in Rhode Island: substance use recovery, employment, housing, and food intake. BMC public health, 18 1, 289

Dong, Kimberly R; Must, Aviva; Tang, Alice M; Stopka, Thomas J; Beckwith, Curt G 2018. Food Insecurity, Morbidities, and Substance Use in Adults on Probation in Rhode Island. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 95 4, 564-575

Dong, Kimberly R; Tang, Alice M; Stopka, Thomas J; Beckwith, Curt G; Must, Aviva 2018. Food acquisition methods and correlates of food insecurity in adults on probation in Rhode Island. PloS one, 13 6, e0198598

Tang, Alice L; Seiden, Allen M 2018. Sexism and Sexual Harassment: Considering the Impact on Medical Students, Residents, and Junior Faculty. The Laryngoscope, 128 9, 1985-1986

Tang, Alice L; Bearelly, Shethal; Mannion, Kyle 2017. The expanding role of scapular free-flaps. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, ,

Tang, Alice L; Falciglia, Mercedes; Yang, Huaitao; Mark, Jonathan R; Steward, David L 2017. Validation of American Thyroid Association Ultrasound Risk Assessment of Thyroid Nodules Selected for Ultrasound Fine-Needle Aspiration. Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association, ,

Walline, Heather M; Goudsmit, Christine M; McHugh, Jonathan B; Tang, Alice L; Owen, John H; Teh, Bin T; McKean, Erin; Glover, Thomas W; Graham, Martin P; Prince, Mark E; Chepeha, Douglas B; Chinn, Steven B; Ferris, Robert L; Gollin, Susanne M; Hoffmann, Thomas K; Bier, Henning; Brakenhoff, Ruud; Bradford, Carol R; Carey, Thomas E 2017. Integration of high-risk human papillomavirus into cellular cancer-related genes in head and neck cancer cell lines. Head & neck, 39 5, 840-852

Ishman, Stacey L; Tang, Alice; Cohen, Aliza P; Elhadi Babiker, Haithem; Chini, Barbara; Ehsan, Zarmina; Fleck, Robert J; Gordon, Christopher; McPhail, Gary L; Pan, Brian; Saal, Howard M; Shott, Sally R; Amin, Raouf S 2016. Decision Making for Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea without Tonsillar Hypertrophy. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 154 3, 527-31

Newberry, Sydne J; Chung, Mei; Booth, Marika; Maglione, Margaret A; Tang, Alice M; O'Hanlon, Claire E; Wang, Ding Ding; Okunogbe, Adeyemi; Huang, Christina; Motala, Aneesa; Trimmer, Martha; Dudley, Whitney; Shanman, Roberta; Coker, Tumaini R; Shekelle, Paul G 2016. Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Maternal and Child Health: An Updated Systematic Review. Evidence report/technology assessment, 224, 1-826

Tang, Alice L; Cohen, Aliza P; Benke, James R; Stierer, Kevin D; Stanley, James; Ishman, Stacey L 2016. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Resolution in Hypopnea- versus Apnea-Predominant Children after Adenotonsillectomy. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 155 4, 670-5

Tang, Alice; Scalzo, Fabien 2016. Similarity Metric Learning for 2D to 3D Registration of Brain Vasculature. Advances in visual computing : ... international symposium, ISVC ... : proceedings. International Symposium on Visual Computing, 10072 , 3-12

Darr, Owen A; Colacino, Justin A; Tang, Alice L; McHugh, Jonathan B; Bellile, Emily L; Bradford, Carol R; Prince, Mark P; Chepeha, Douglas B; Rozek, Laura S; Moyer, Jeffrey S 2015. Epigenetic alterations in metastatic cutaneous carcinoma. Head & neck, 37 7, 994-1001

Tang, Alice; Benke, James R; Cohen, Aliza P; Ishman, Stacey L 2015. Influence of Tonsillar Size on OSA Improvement in Children Undergoing Adenotonsillectomy. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 153 2, 281-5

Bassis, Christine M; Tang, Alice L; Young, Vincent B; Pynnonen, Melissa A 2014. The nasal cavity microbiota of healthy adults. Microbiome, 2 , 27

Owen, John H; Hauff, Samantha J; Tang, Alice L; Graham, Martin P; Czerwinski, Michael J; Kaddoura, Marcella; Papagerakis, Silvana; Bradford, Carol R; Carey, Thomas E; Prince, Mark E P 2014. UM-SCC-103: a unique tongue cancer cell line that recapitulates the tumorigenic stem cell population of the primary tumor. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 123 9, 662-72

Eliassen, Anna M; Hauff, Samantha J; Tang, Alice L; Thomas, Dafydd H; McHugh, Jonathan B; Walline, Heather M; Stoerker, Jay; Maxwell, Jessica H; Worden, Francis P; Eisbruch, Avraham; Czerwinski, Michael J; Papagerakis, Silvana M; Chepeha, Douglas B; Bradford, Carol R; Hanauer, David A; Carey, Thomas E; Prince, Mark E 2013. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in pregnant women. Head & neck, 35 3, 335-42

Tang, Alice L; Owen, John H; Hauff, Samantha J; Park, Jung Je; Papagerakis, Silvana; Bradford, Carol R; Carey, Thomas E; Prince, Mark E 2013. Head and neck cancer stem cells: the effect of HPV--an in vitro and mouse study. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 149 2, 252-60

Tang, Alice L; Hauff, Samantha J; Owen, John H; Graham, Martin P; Czerwinski, Michael J; Park, Jung Je; Walline, Heather; Papagerakis, Silvana; Stoerker, Jay; McHugh, Jonathan B; Chepeha, Douglas B; Bradford, Carol R; Carey, Thomas E; Prince, Mark E 2012. UM-SCC-104: a new human papillomavirus-16-positive cancer stem cell-containing head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line. Head & neck, 34 10, 1480-91

Abuzeid, Waleed M; Davis, Samantha; Tang, Alice L; Saunders, Lindsay; Brenner, J Chadwick; Lin, Jiayuh; Fuchs, James R; Light, Emily; Bradford, Carol R; Prince, Mark E P; Carey, Thomas E 2011. Sensitization of head and neck cancer to cisplatin through the use of a novel curcumin analog. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 137 5, 499-507

Winters, Ryan; Trotman, Winifred; Adamson, Christine S C; Rajendran, Vanitha; Tang, Alice; Elhosseiny, Abdelmonem; Evans, Mark F 2011. Screening for human papillomavirus in basaloid squamous carcinoma: utility of p16(INK4a), CISH, and PCR. International journal of surgical pathology, 19 3, 309-14

Winters, Ryan; Evans, Mark; Trotman, Winifred; Tang, Alice; Elhosseiny, Abdelmonem 2010. A comparison of p16 INK4A immunohistochemistry, chromogenic in situ hybridization, and polymerase chain reaction genotyping for screening for human papillomavirus in basaloid squamous carcinoma. The Laryngoscope, 120 Suppl 4 , S138

Bassis C.M.;Tang A.L.;Young V.B.;Pynnonen M.A. 08-11-2014. The nasal cavity microbiota of healthy adults Microbiome, 2 1,

Eliassen A.M.;Davis S.J.;Tang A.;Thomas D.H.;McHugh J.B.;Walline H.;Czerwinski M.J.;Maxwell J.H.;Papagerakis S.;Chepeha D.B.;Bradford C.R.;Carey T.E.;Prince M.E. 07-11-2011. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in pregnant women Laryngoscope, 121 SUPPL. 4,

Choi D.;Brannock K.;Tang A. 06-01-2019. Castleman Disease Presenting as a Parapharyngeal Mass: A Case Report and Review of the Literature Clinical Medicine Insights: Case Reports, 12 ,

Epperson M.V.; Tang A.L.; Owens P.; Tabangin M.E.; Altaye M.; Khosla S.; Howell R. 01-01-2020. Montgomery's Aperture: An External Anatomic Landmark for Surgical Identification of the Anterior Com Journal of Voice, ,

Tang, Alice L; Howard, Javier J M; Singh, Eshita; Tabangin, Meredith E; Wang, James C; Myer, Charles M; Altaye, Mekibib; Rohde, Sarah L . Are Standardized Letters of Recommendation in Residency Applications Correlated With Objective Data? Journal of medical education and curricular development, 6 , 2382120519893976